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Subscribe now for unlimited access Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our community Get your free guest access SIGN UP TODAY To continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters
Lawyers in Venezuela have called for freedom to practise their profession. They protested after police blocked them from lobbying the country’s attorney-general, Luisa Ortega, over what they say are unconstitutional measures introduced by president Nicolás Maduro during four months of civil disturbances.Opposition sources say 3,102 protesters have been arrested since February.
Litigants in person and solicitors should go through the Legal Aid Agency, not the High Court, for public funding in civil contempt proceedings, a judge has said in a bid to clear up confusion over who has the power to grant legal aid.Mr Justice Chamberlain highlighted a lack of clarity over the correct procedure for determining legal aid applications for committal proceedings in a case stemming from the sale of Wimbledon tickets. After deciding last week not to make a representation order for the defendant in All England Lawn Tennis Club Ltd and All England Lawn Tennis Ground Plc v Luke McKay, the judge today handed down a written judgment explaining his reasons.Chamberlain J said he accepted the LAA’s assurance that McKay is entitled to legal aid without the need for his means or the merits of his case to be assessed, and that such applications are normally determined in 48 hours.The difficulty arose because of a 2015 decision in King’s Lynn and West Norfolk BC v Bunning, which Chamberlain J said has been followed or at least assumed to be correct in subsequent High Court and Court of Appeal decisions.He said: ‘That case was heard soon after LASPO [Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act] came into force. There was an application to commit for breach of an injunction made in civil proceedings in the High Court. The respondent had found it difficult to obtain legal aid because, at the time, the LAA had no established procedure by which applications could be made.’The practical concern behind the Bunning decision ‘was that, at that time, unless the court could make the determination, there was no established procedure by which legal aid could be secured for civil contempt proceedings’. That concern has since been addressed, Chamberlain J said, as the agency now has an ‘established procedure’.Chamberlain J confirmed that he declined to make a representation order because, as the LAA accepts, a respondent to High Court committal proceedings alleging breach of an order is entitled to legal aid ‘as of right’.The ‘relevant authority’ responsible for determining eligibility for the purposes of section 16 of LASPO is a separate question. Chamberlain J said: ‘In High Court committal proceedings alleging breach of an order, the “relevant authority” is the director of legal aid casework, not the court. Insofar as it reached the contrary conclusion, Bunning was wrongly decided.’This should have no practical effect on the availability of legal aid because the LAA has an established procedure for determining applications expeditiously in cases of this sort. Litigants and providers of legal services should be encouraged to use this procedure and should not now apply to the High Court for representation orders.’However, the position in the Court of Appeal is different, said Chamberlain J – the appeal court is the ‘relevant authority’ and the application should be made to that court.
UK: Two Hitachi Rail Europe Class 385 EMUs have been moved from Britain to a base at Minden in Germany for a series of unpowered dynamic tests on the DB Netz network.Hitachi is supplying 70 Class 385 EMUs in three- and four-car formations for ScotRail from its production facility at Newton Aycliffe in northeast England under a contract signed in 2015 for 46 three-car and 24 four-car EMUs from the manufacturer’s AT200 family. Initially the 160 km/h EMUs are to be deployed on Edinburgh – Glasgow services via Falkirk High. Electrification of this route is nearing completion under Network Rail’s EGIP enhancement programme.However, limited access to paths in the UK has led Hitachi to work with DB Systemtechnik to undertake a series of dynamic trials in Germany in September and October to accelerate the approval process for the Class 385 fleet. Two trains have been sent to Germany, while two more are undertaking tests in Scotland.In Germany, DB locomotives will be used to haul the trains at up to 160 km/h to confirm the dynamic performance and stability of each individual vehicle in accordance with the European EN14363 technical standard. These trials will be undertaken at both tare weight and in conditions simulating crush loading. The test runs are to be undertaken at various locations including Trier, Göppingen, Donauwörth, Chemnitz and Treuchtlingen.‘With testing taking place in Germany, the new trains coming to Scotland are one step closer to delivering faster journeys, more seats and better services’, said Chris Knape, New Trains Technical Manager at the ScotRail Alliance. The tests build upon previous approval runs undertaken at the Velim test circuit in the Czech Republic.A Hitachi Rail Europe spokesman told Railway Gazette International that while the primary reason for undertaking the Class 385 running trails in Germany was a lack of access to the UK network, the company retains its long-standing ambition of supplying vehicles to other European countries. As such it is ‘always helpful to have a greater knowledge of the German network and industry there’, he added.
In Nigeria, a non-profit organization is aiming to empower women in some of the country’s poorest areas.It’s offering training courses in weaving to give women skills that can help them earn a living.Sophia Adengo reports from Abuja.
Sudan opens border with South Sudan Thursday’s military coup in Sudan sparked concern in neighbouring South Sudan that the toppling of longtime President Omar al-Bashir could threaten the fragile peace agreement that ended South Sudan’s five-year civil war.The deal South Sudanese President Salva Kiir and former rebel leader Riek Machar signed last year that calls on them to form a unity government on May 12. But key requirements – including integrating their forces – have not been met.The deal was guaranteed by Sudan, but the ouster of Bashir transfers much more responsibility for the success of the agreement to Kiir and MacharIn Sudan, Defence Minister Awad Mohamed Ahmed Ibn Auf announced the end of Bashir’s rule, saying the country would enter a two-year period of military rule to be followed by presidential elections.Both the South Sudanese government and former rebels expressed alarm over the coup.“Sudan laboured so hard to restore peace and stability and because of that we have the current prevailing peace agreement in South Sudan and it is a guarantor,” Martin Elia Lomoro, South Sudan’s cabinet affairs minister, said in a meeting with international ceasefire monitors.Sudan, a largely Muslim nation, granted the largely Christian south its independence in 2011 after decades of scorched-earth fighting. Two years later, South Sudan plunged into its own intermittent civil war, with some 400,000 people killed and nearly a third of the population uprooted.Despite the conflict and a still-festering border dispute, relations between Sudan and South Sudan have warmed in recent months. Both countries desperately needed the cash generated by oil from South Sudan flowing through a pipeline and port owned by Sudan.The Vatican brought together South Sudanese leaders, including Kiir and Machar, for 24 hours of prayer and preaching on Wednesday, an attempt to heal their bitter divisions.Related South Sudanese President Salva Kiir South Sudan Street Theatre South Sudan Stalemate
Terry Johnson (Farmington Public Schools)As Farmington Public Schools heads into the final round of 2015 bond projects, some school board members want unspent funds used to beef up security measures.In addition to funds saved by closing Highmeadow Common Campus last year and Harrison High next year, officials have seen favorable bid packages. During Tuesday’s regular meeting, they approved a bid for work at Kenbrook and Beechview Elementary Schools that will save nearly $600,000.Trustee Terry Johnson, who chairs the board’s Building and Sites subcommittee, said in light of a recent mass shooting at a Florida high school, officials should focus on student safety.” I would like to see what we’ve saved thus far and look at ways to utilize that money for securing our schools in a more safe ways,” he said.Johnson acknowledged a letter from a citizens oversight committee that has monitored bond spending. Members urged trustees to reduce bond capacity rather than spending the dollars saved.“If the folks from the bond oversight committee want to come and present to us why we shouldn’t protect our kids, I would love to hear from them,” he said. “We do have the funds available. I’m not trying to spend every dime… but as a good steward of the monies and more importantly to protect our kids, I think we need to do this.”Board president David Turner suggested the subcommittee review the available funds and how they might be used to improve existing security measures.“I don’t think anyone around this table is going to say that’s a bad idea,” he said.Johnson also said he is opening up 10 spaces in an April 4 class for any teacher interested in training to carry a concealed weapon. Reported by Farmington Voice Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window)
The upgrade of mobile communication platforms to the fourth generation transmission standard, Long Term Evolution (LTE), is in full swing in North America. Major network operators in the USA and Canada have already launched their first broadband networks and will continue to roll out tens of thousands of mobile communication antennas over the coming months and years. Most operators rely on the latest solutions from HUBER+SUHNER, the company has been awarded tenders worth in excess of USD 100 million, which will become effective over the coming years. Sprint, T-Mobile (USA), Bell Mobility, SaskTel and Telus (Canada) are telephone companies with 10 to 40 million subscribers each. They all want to guarantee their customers the fastest possible connections and are therefore upgrading their networks to the next-generation LTE standard at a record pace. T-Mobile alone, for example, will upgrade over 14,000 mobile antenna masts in the USA using HUBER+SUHNER solutions over the next 12 months, and Sprint plans to upgrade around 15,000 sites within three years. Several smaller mobile operators in the USA have also decided to expand their infrastructure to the fourth generation transmission standard using technology from Switzerland. Leading FTTA technology To ensure that their mobile communication networks are converted quickly and cost effectively, the North American phone giants and their infrastructure vendors like Ericsson or Nokia Siemens Network are relying on the most recent FTTA (Fiber to the Antenna) system solutions from the Swiss company HUBER+SUHNER. In FTTA technology, the send-receive electronics are installed near the antennas on the mast (remote radio heads – RRH). In previous installations, the send-receive electronics were housed in cabinets on the ground. FTTA technology therefore requires that RRHs be supplied with data as well as power. The “MASTERLINE extreme hybrid” cable systems combine multiple fiber optic and power cables. The Swiss systems therefore offer high-speed data transfer together with quick and easy installation. HUBER+SUHNER is currently the only company worldwide offering such a wide range of solutions for this rapidly growing market. Radio frequency components The Fiber Optics Division is not the only area at the company that will benefit from the large orders from North America. The Radio Frequency Division will deliver a very high number of jumper cables over the coming months to North America. They transmit radio frequency signals between the remote radio heads and mobile communication antennas. For the network upgrade this division also offers components that protect the sensitive electronics from power surges during lightning strikes and its so-called Smart DC Kits, developed to re-use installed radio frequency cables for supplying power to the remote radio heads.
FacebookTwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享Changing weather and population patterns may be causing unpredictable berry harvests, according to a study from the U.S. Geological Survey. With little to no snow covering some areas last winter and a mild winter in 2013/14, specialists from the Kenai National Wildlife Refuge say it’s possible the bushes didn’t develop as usual. Researchers gathered data from Alaskan berry pickers, who reported that some known berry patches were dry and barren this year. 67% of the berry pickers who responded to the survey said berry harvests have been smaller or less predictable in the last ten years. Anecdotal reports also suggested berry patches are being picked clean more quickly by moose, who can more easily access remote areas when there’s little snow, and Alaska’s growing human population.