Citation: Scientists find errors in hypothesis linking solar flares to global temperature (2010, April 7) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-04-scientists-errors-hypothesis-linking-solar.html More information: M. Rypdal and K. Rypdal. “Testing Hypotheses about Sun-Climate Complexity Linking.” Physical Review Letters 104, 128501 (2010). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.128501 (PhysOrg.com) — The field of climate science is nothing if not complex, where a host of variables interact with each other in intricate ways to produce various changes. Just like any other area of science, climate science is far from being fully understood. As an example, a new study has discredited a previous hypothesis suggesting the existence of a link between solar flares and changes in the earth’s global temperature. The new study points out a few errors in the previous analysis, and concludes that the solar and climate records have very different properties that do not support the hypothesis of a sun-climate complexity linking. In a handful of studies published in Physical Review Letters between 2003 and 2008, a team from Duke University and the Army Research Office including Nicola Scafetta and Bruce West analyzed data that appeared to show that solar flares have a significant influence on global temperature. Solar flares, which are large explosions in the sun’s atmosphere that are powered by magnetic energy, vary in time from a few per month to several per day. Although solar flares occur near sunspots, their frequency variation occurs on a much shorter time scale than the 11-year sunspot cycle. In their studies, the researchers’ results seemed to show that data from solar flare activity correlates with changes in the global temperature on a short time scale. Specifically, their analysis showed that the two time records can both be characterized by the same Lévy walk process.However, in the new study, which is also published in Physical Review Letters, Martin Rypdal and Kristoffer Rypdal of the University of Tromso in Norway have reexamined the data and the previous analysis and noticed some shortcomings. One of the biggest causes of concern is that the previous analysis did not account for larger trends in factors that affect solar flares and global temperature. For instance, the solar cycle has its 11-year periodic trend, where periods of lots of sunspots cause larger numbers of solar flares. Likewise, the global temperature anomaly has numerous other factors (a “multi-decadal, polynomial trend”) that impacts global temperature fluctuations. By not detrending this data, the analysis resulted in abnormally high values of certain variables that pointed to Lévy walk processes. By estimating the untrended data, Rypdal and Rypdal hypothesized that the solar flare records might be described by a Lévy flight, while the global temperature anomaly might obey a distribution called persistent fractional Brownian motion. In contrast to a previous analysis, a new study has shown that the distributions of (a) the global temperature anomaly by month since 1880 and (b) the solar flare index by day over a few solar cycles are fundamentally different. One feature the detrended data do have in common is self-similarity: the probability density functions are the same on different time scales, which means that neither can be described as Lévy walks. Image credit: Rypdal and Rypdal. The Sun Loses its Spots “The first thing we do when we approach a time series with a strong random component is to perform standard statistical analyses like plotting of probability density distributions on different time scales,” Martin Rypdal told PhysOrg.com. “We look at the shape of these rescaled distributions. If the signal is statistically self-similar, it looks almost the same on all time scales. [Here, we’ve shown] that the solar flare signal and the global temperature signal are both self-similar, but their distributions are very different, and so are the exponents used for rescaling. We were very surprised that Scafetta and West never show such results in their papers. It seems that they have designed all their tests with the purpose of proving a wanted result, and deliberately avoided analysis that points in other directions.”As the researchers explain in their paper, the finding that the scaling behavior of both the solar flare activity and the global temperature remain self-similar for large changes in scale provides evidence that the data sets cannot be described as Lévy walks.The Norwegian researchers also noted that the previous analysis had errors beyond the lack of detrending. Most significantly, they found that the analysis could not distinguish between Lévy walks, Lévy flights and Gaussian processes such as fractional Brownian motion. For this reason, the analysis would have concluded that some other data sets were described by Lévy walks when they were not. To demonstrate, the Norwegian researchers created a fake data set from a fractional Brownian motion model with a trend. When they applied the previous analysis to this data, the analysis described the data as a Lévy walk. Last, the Norwegian researchers formulated a new analysis which could distinguish between these three different processes, and applied the analysis to the detrended solar flare data sets. The results revealed that the solar flare records actually follow a Lévy flight, as they had hypothesized. Also, by applying the analysis to detrended global temperature anomalies, the researchers found that the data is well described as persistent fractional Brownian motion, as they also hypothesized. As the researchers explain, the results provide more evidence to support the supposedly controversial theory of human-induced global warming.”The theory of anthropogenic global warming consists of a set of logically interconnected and consistent hypotheses,” Martin Rypdal said. “This means that if a cornerstone hypothesis is proven to be false, the entire theory fails. A corresponding theory of global warming of solar origin does not exist. What does exist is a set of disconnected, mutually inconsistent, ad hoc hypotheses. If one of these is proven to be false, the typical proponent of solar warming will pull another ad hoc hypothesis out of the hat. This has been the strategy of Scafetta and West over the years, and we have no illusion that our paper will put them to silence. However, the only scientifically valid strategy to confront these new hypotheses is to shoot down every new missile as they come in, using the most advanced weapons at hand. We believe that this operation was successfully accomplished with respect to the complexity linking hypothesis, but there will be many more battles to be fought until the issue of the contribution of solar variability to recent global warming is settled.” Copyright 2010 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Cloaking devices have become an item of interest to both the general public and physicists. The Harry Potter movies showed what a cloaking device might look like, while breakthroughs in metamaterials have allowed for the creation of real cloaking materials. Unfortunately, the real materials only work for certain wavelengths of optical frequencies and for very small sample sizes. Another, less high-tech approach is to use mirrors to make objects “disappear” as magicians have been doing for years. That’s what Howell and his son have done.Cloaking devices all work under the same principles—they bend light in such a way as to cause an object to be hidden from view. A simple example would be a small island in a river. Water is split at one end of the island, moves past on either side, and is then reconnected at the other end. If the water were replaced with light, the island would appear to be invisible from the point of view of an observer (in two dimensions, of course). (Phys.org) —John Howell, a Professor of Physics at the University of Rochester, and his teenage son, have uploaded a paper to the preprint server arXiv in which they suggest that some common magicians’ tricks could be used to create large cloaking devices. They describe three types of simple cloaking devices: one made of Plexiglass and water, another of inexpensive lenses, and a third constructed using ordinary mirrors. © 2013 Phys.org Citation: Researchers suggest magicians’ mirror tricks could be used as large scale cloaking devices (w/ video) (2013, June 10) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-06-magicians-mirror-large-scale-cloaking.html Journal information: arXiv Researchers create first 3D invisibility cloak Howell and his son aren’t suggesting they’ve invented anything new; rather, by building and demonstrating some simple cloaking devices, they are showing that such devices might be useful for real world applications, such as hiding satellites. They fully acknowledge a major limitation of their devices, namely that they only work when viewed from a specific angle. But that’s not the point. The real point is that age-old technology could be updated for use in practical modern applications. If a mirror-based cloaking device were put into space to hide a satellite, for example, it could be computer controlled to keep it at the proper angle as it circled the globe. Even simpler would be “hiding” satellites that hover in a geosynchronous orbit.Such cloaking devices, they note, would work across the entire visible spectrum and could be made in virtually any size and, perhaps best of all, could be made inexpensively using materials that are already well understood. More information: Simple, broadband, optical spatial cloaking of very large objects, arXiv:1306.0863 [physics.optics] arxiv.org/abs/1306.0863AbstractWe demonstrate three simple cloaking devices that can hide very large spatial objects over the entire visible spectrum using only passive, off-the-shelf optics. The cloaked region for all of the devices exceeds 10^6 mm3 with the largest exceeding 10^8 mm3. Although uni-directional, these cloaks can hide the cloaked object, even if the object is transversely or self-illuminated. Owing to the small usable solid angle, but simple scaling, these cloaks may be of value in hiding small field-of-view objects such as mid- to high-earth orbit satellites. A cloaking device based on Snell’s law. Credit: arXiv:1306.0863 [physics.optics] Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Renowned writers like Ruskin Bond and Shobha De, director Muzaffar Ali, humourist Surendra Sharma and scores of literary luminaries from the Braj area will be star attractions at a three-day literature festival to be held in Agra from 1 February at the sprawling campus of 167-year-old St Peter’s College. The book festival will project the contribution of the writers, poets, cultural artistes of the Braj region – spanning Mathura, Agra, Aligarh, Etah and Firozabad – on the national canvas.
It’s that time of the year when all theatre enthusiasts (actors, directors, viewers, other artists) come together on a common platform to display, hone and enjoy the stories put up on stage. Popularly called the Short and Sweet theatre festival, it surely manages to bring out live emotions- sad, happy, surprise etc amongst the audience present.’The Short and Sweet Theatre Festival is back again in the city to woo viewers with its short 10-minute plays. In this age of fast food, 10-minute play is perfect to hold the attention of the audience. It is crisp and goes straight to the point without beating around the bush for long,’ says Alex Broun, director of the festival. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The history of the festival dates back to- Australia in 2002. It is a series of 10-minute plays put together for people with less time and attention span. The festival came to India in 2010 with the help of Australian Government through the Australia India Council and the Australia International Cultural Council.The 10 day festival which is scheduled from 21 November to 30 November is being held across three venues- India Habitat Centre, Epicentre, Gurgaon and India Cultural Centre and kick started with some fabulous short plays like Table For Two, Kaalikh, Speed Dating For Amateurs, The Actress’ Dilemma, Last Drinks. Currently in its third season there are around 40 plays selected to be put up on stage. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix’The response to the festival this time has been immense though it has just began. Even the quality of plays have improved and were well performed on the starting day. The main aim has been to introduce young budding talent in the theatre circuit and get them noticed,’ says Prashant Sehgal, festival director.One of the best received plays at the fest was Table For Two. The play centers on a funny situation around a table where two people are sitting.’My play was set in an urban setting with an underlying solitude in each one of us and how a man and a woman going through unfortunate incidents in life find its vent after meeting each other at a coffee shop,’ said Maheep Singh, director.’I was overwhelmed with the response for my play which came as a pleasant surprise. I hope we get maximum votes when the result comes out on Monday,’ he added. Another one making its way through hearts and head of people was Kaalikh. ‘The play inclined towards a social message talked about the much disputed topic religion. Though all religions preach peace and prosperity but the real religion is only humanity, which needs to be accepted universally. The story line was based on a school master and his trails during babri masjid demolition. I had to face a bit of challenge with respect to some actors and the element of lighting during the performance,’ said Abhinav Sabyasachi, dirtector. Some of the plays to watch out for are Sweater, We Need To Talk and Don’t You Rhyme When You Commit A Crime. Don’t miss it!
Kolkata: Two car lifters, who used to operate in Salt Lake, were arrested from Ranaghat in Nadia.Police said they had initiated a probe after receiving a complaint from a resident of AE block in Salt Lake. The complainant, Santanu Banerjee, had lodged a complaint with the Bidhannagar North police station stating that his car bearing registration number WB 06A 4249 was stolen.He informed the police that the car was stolen at around 8.30 am on April 21. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe car was stolen away from in front of his house in Salt Lake. Police initiated a probe after registering a case on charges of theft under section 379 of the Indian Penal Code.After preliminary investigation, police came to know that the car was taken out of the district without losing anytime. They had gone through footages of several surveillance cameras in the area.The Bidhannagar police had also initiated exchange of information with their counterparts in adjacent Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killeddistricts in this connection and based on a tip off, policemen conducted a raid at Cuppers Camp near Ranaghat in Nadia.During the raid, police arrested an 18-year-old boy and one Rittik Mukherjee. The stolen car was also recovered. Cops are now trying to ascertain whether they had stolen more cars from any parts of Salt Lake and any other adjacent areas.Police are also trying to find out whether the duo is involved in any big car lifting racket and had a connection with any inter-state racket.Police also suspect involvement of a local in the case and the investigating officers also feel that the duo had kept a watch on the car for the past few days before committing the crime. They also did a reccee of the area to prepare a route through which they can easily flee with the car. Police have taken necessary steps to check recurrence of such incident in the area.
Kolkata: Three youth were killed due to electrocution while fishing in a pond in South 24-Parganas’ Bishnupur police station area on late Monday night.The incident took place in Mamudpur village of Bishnupur and has triggered tension among the villagers. Police said one of the victims Dip Das took a pond on lease for pisciculture. He used to do fishing from the pond and sell them in the local markets. According to police, Das along with his associates used to often catch fish from the pond during the night. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsLike other days, the victim along with two others, whose identities are yet to be ascertained, went to the pond in Mamudpur village on late Monday night.Police said a halogen light was fitted against a tree near the pond. Das and his two associates were electrocuted while trying to catch fish. Police suspect that an electrical wire fell into the pond and this led to the incident. Locals found the victims in the pond and informed the police. They were rushed to Amtala Gramin Hospital where the victims were declared brought dead. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedAccording to hospital sources, the victims died on late Monday night, minutes after they came in contact with the water of the pond. Police have started a detailed probe in this regard. They are also investigating into how the electrical wire fell in the pond.Locals have told police that they did not see the other two persons earlier. They might have been brought to the place from neighbouring village by Das. Police are trying to confirm their identities. Police have sent their bodies for the postmortem examination.
Legendary actor Dharmendra says superstar Shah Rukh Khan had once advised that
Kolkata: The convocation of the Presidency University was on Tuesday shifted outside the campus in the wake of agitation by a section of students over hostel accommodation. Expressing disappointment over blocking of the varsity main gate by the protesting students on Monday, Vice-Chancellor Anuradha Lohia said, “We had to shift the venue of the convocation from the university campus to Nandan Complex to ensure that the security of the two dignitaries, who would be conferred honorary degrees, was not put at risk.” Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life The agitating students have been demanding immediate accommodation in Hindu Hostel. “It is extremely unfortunate we could not hold the function in Presidency campus itself and had to shift, due to the agitation of a section of students,” she said. Lohia said the varsity authorities had informed Governor Keshari Nath Tripathi, who is also the Chancellor of the university, about the developments and he suggested that “we should settle for a venue other than the campus and the Raj Bhawan”. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killed The Governor, however, was not present at the convocation, which lasted for around an hour, due to other preoccupations. Eminent scientist and Bharat Ratna recipient C N R Rao and veteran actor Soumitra Chatterjee were conferred DSc and D Litt (Honoris Causa), respectively, at the sixth convocation of Presidency University on Tuesday. Rao called upon the students to come to an understanding with the authorities. “This is a highly reputed institution and students are also part of the institution,” he said. Chatterjee told reporters that the students must sit for talks, and a decision has to be taken keeping in mind the interest of everyone. “From whatever I have seen, the Vice-Chancellor is a pragmatic person. Students should also be pragmatic in their approach,” he said. The decision to hold the sixth convocation at state-run cultural complex Nandan was prompted after the section of students, agitating for immediate accommodation to Hindu Hostel, bolted the varsity main gate from inside on Monday, forcing the VC and other faculty members to leave without entering the campus. “I fail to realise why some of the students are insisting on allowing them at the Hindu Hostel on an immediate basis, when the place is yet to be declared fit for use by concerned agencies like the PWD. There are certain protocols involved in maintenance of a property of an institution and my hands are tied,” Lohia said. “What will be their priority? Pursuing studies or demanding accommodation in an under-repair hostel when they have been given an alternative accommodation already at New Town?” the VC wondered. One of the agitating students, Ujan, however, said they did not disturb the convocation programme. “We have not disrupted the convocation and today the main gate of the university has been kept open to facilitate organising the convocation,” he said. This was the second time the annual convocation had to be shifted outside the campus after 2016, when it was held at Rabindra Sadan, a Presidency University official said.
Honouring and felicitating talented cinematic personalities not only marks the beginning of a revolution in cinema but also has the power to change the face of new age film industry. An attempt to make this happen, India International Centre, Film Club, organised a Retrospective of Pavan Malhotra’s 25 years journey in films from January 11 to 21.An unassuming, modest luminary of the Indian small and silver screen, Pavan has to his credit a prodigious body of work. He enjoys instant recognition, born out of stellar performances as the simpleton Hari in Nukkad, Ghunuram in Bagh Bahadur, Salim in Salim Langde Pe Mat Ro, Tiger Memon in Black Friday, Kareena Kapoor’s uncle in Jab We Met, the benevolent coach in Bhag Milkha Bhag. In the south, for his performance in the Telugu film Aithe (2003), the British film, Brothers in Trouble, that enjoyed eminence at the London Film Festival as well as at the Berlin and San Francisco Film Festivals. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Other films that quickly followed included, Antarnaad (1991), Tarpan (The Absolution) (1995), Pardes (1997) and Earth (1998). These firmly entrenched him in audiences’ mind as a powerful character actor. His body of work is impressive, with a host of no-nonsense roles. Some other notable performances of Pavan Malhotra’s include De Taali (2008), Delhi-6 (2009), Road to Sangam (2010) and Badmaash Company (2010). His role of a religious head trying to make a political fortune out of strife in Road to Sangam, highlighted his immense potential as an actor. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixWith such variety behind him, he can still surprise the audience with his versatility. He works with a few definite beliefs that include, “You have to learn to be a good actor. The main thing, however, is to feel it in you. Otherwise, the emotion is not reflected in your eyes. The body language is also very important.”Pavan Malhotra imbibed the critical pillars of his character namely discipline, dedication, commitment and hard work from his father – a strict disciplinarian, who ran a successful machine tools business. It was expected of Pavan, that he would take up the reins of the family business, however his innate interest was in observing people and decoding their behavior and mannerisms, a habit he found very fundamental to his renditions as an actor in later years. His commercially successful films include Shaitan (2011), Bhindi Bazaar (2011), Ek Thi Daayan (2013) and Bang Bang (2014). Owing to his performances, several prestigious awards naturally made their way to Pavan Malhotra’s repertoire over the years. A few of the awards won by him include the BFJA Award for Bagh Bahadur (Bengali) – 1990, National Award for Fakir (Hindi) – 1998, Nandi Award and Filmfare award for Best Villian – Aithe (Telugu) – 2003, Dainik Jagran Award for Best Actor and Dadasaheb Phalke Film Festival Award for Best Character Actor for Children of War – 1984, and last but not the least-the Best Actor Award in a foreign language film at the St. Tropez International Film Festival, France is also to his credit.Pavan Malhotra’s recent films of prominence include, Punjab 1984 (2014), Children of War (2014) and the biopic, Eh Janam Tumhare Lekhe (2015) based on the life of Bhagat Pooran Singh, the founder of the Pingalwara movement.
Kolkata: A cyclonic storm that is said to hit the coastal areas of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh may not have a major impact on the state but the South Bengal districts will witness a strong wind measuring around 70-80 km per hour, predicted the Regional Meteorological Centre at Alipore on Thursday.An alert has been issued to the coastal districts of the state and the fishermen have been asked not to venture into the sea till Saturday. An alert has also been sent to the East Midnapore district administration asking them to impose restrictions on bathing of visitors in the rough sea at Digha and other nearby beach towns in the district. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe Group-of-Minister (GoM) which was constituted by Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee before going on a foreign tour, held a meeting at Nabanna on Thursday chalking out plans on how to combat the cyclonic situation in the state. It would be monitored from the control room of the disaster management department at Nabanna. The state Irrigation department is also keeping a tab on the situation. The senior officials of the state Irrigation department are in constant touch with their counterparts at the Centre. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedAccording to the MeT office prediction, a low pressure trough has formed over West Central Bay of Bengal which will further intensify due to cyclonic storm, bringing moderate to heavy rainfall in some parts of South Bengal. It was also learnt the people from various South Bengal districts including the city may encounter a strong wind. The cyclonic storm will have no major effect on Bengal as it would hit the neighbouring districts including Odisha and Andhra Pradesh. The situation is expected to improve from Saturday, a weather official said. The state government has already taken all the preventive measures to deal with the situation. All the concerned departments have been asked to be on alert and closely monitor the situation. There is absolutely no need to panic, a senior government official said.
Keen observers of contemporary Indian literature would agree that most recent books have depended heavily on promotions and marketing. But if publicity rules the roost, does the manuscript get its due? It is no surprise that a handful of successful authors have come to dominate the literary scene in India, but there has been no serious analysis of their dominant presence.For instance: If one were to look at the overall sales of novels and non-fiction titles by Indian publishers in 2016 and so far this year, some 50 known faces account for about 80 per cent of output. All the self-published authors, along with many debutants and unsuccessful authors, share a meagre 20 per cent market share while their aggregate number may range in the tens of thousands. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe privileged class of writers include the likes of Amish Tripathi, Anuja Chauhan, Ashwin Sanghi, Shashi Tharoor, Ramachandra Guha, Arundhati Roy, Vikram Seth, Amitav Ghosh – as also the popular fiction writers like Chetan Bhagat, Ravinder Singh and Durjoy Dutta. On the other hand, there are writers you have never heard of and are unlikely to hear about in the future.The reason? The Indian publishing industry is a highly manipulated area of popular culture where social media trends and following have come to decide the number of copies a book sells. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThis ultimate fate of the book – it’s market value – is also the deciding factor for many publishers to select the subjects and authors of their non-fiction titles and their final verdict on a manuscript. What the publishers gleefully call “Selling Points” is responsible for the cauldron of mediocrity that contemporary Indian literature finds itself in.And it is certainly not that there is a lack of quality writing. A significant number of good books are ignored by headline publishers and never see the light of day. Not to forget, it is these “homes of bestsellers” who had even rejected Amish Tripathi and Ashwin Sanghi, whose gross sales are now in crores of rupees. They like to play safe, refrain from experimentation, count on authors with successful past records and many-a-times ignore potential creative talent due to what they call “market pressure”. But is there actually a compelling market pressure? Or, are the readers being merely fed the books that, according to the publishers, have strong “Selling Points”?While it may again be a case of “What came first: The chicken or the egg?” one thing that holds ground is the exorbitant marketing that headline authors use. With marketing budgets of these “privileged authors” running often into lakhs of rupees, the reach and visibility of first-time or less popular authors is consequently marginalised.But what matters more: The author’s profile or the manuscript?Poulomi Chatterjee, Editor-in-Chief and Publisher of Hachette India, said that it largely depends on situations, adding that when it comes to non-fiction, the profile of the author is very important because you can’t do an economics book by a politician if he or she is not really an expert at it.”If I am doing a book on e-commerce, I would have to have someone who is able to study the business or is an insider. But he has to be an expert, I cannot have an historian do it. There, the better known the name, the better is our selling point. The author’s profile is very important when it comes to non-fiction,” Chatterjee said.In fiction, she said, the profile doesn’t matter that much. It’s not like men cannot write about women. What matters is the story, the style and the craft of the writer. Chatterjee also said that if there is a successful published author, it is always a plus point and that increases the prospective sales of the book.”But if you are a true reader, you would also be experimental in your reading and look out for debut authors. You would be interested to know whether what is being said in the blurb is really true. I am a book buyer, I am a reader and I want to read a new voice. So I don’t think it matters all that much,” she maintained.Nirmal Kanti Bhattacharjee, former Director of the National Book Trust (NBT) shared a more honest view.He said that the manuscript, for him, is paramount and no matter how popular the profile of the author is, an ideal publisher should never compromise with the quality of writing and the potential of the manuscript.
On the occasion of World Tourism Day, CD foundation along with the delegation of Europe Union to India organised the European Authors and literature summit named ‘Long Night of Literatures’.Authors from nine European Union member states and two non-European union member states shared their views during the literature festival.MP Meenakshi Lekhi and Chairman Lalit Kala Uttam Pacharne, who were the guests of honour for this literature summit, shared their views on the importance of cultural exchange among all the nations. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe host ambassador from the delegation of Europe Union to India Tomasz Kozlowski said, “This literature fest is an excellent opportunity to create interest and strengthen Indo – European cultural and literature ties.”CD Foundation Director Charu Das said that under the series of Sparkles and Hope, her foundation has been organising various large-scale cultural programs for a cause in collaboration with different embassies and this was the first time that they have organised such a unique literature summit.” Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveAuthors from Austria, Denmark, France, Hungary, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Switzerland, and Czechia took part in the summit, which was also graced by the President AIFACS Biman Das, Ambassador of Czech Republic Milan Hovorka, Ambassador of Denmark Peter Taksoe Jensen and Ambassador of Slovenia Jozef Drofenik.Program’s highlight was “speak easy” where authors shared their experiences of life, work and a lot more.Hungarian Author István Vörös said, “My native language is Hungarian but I decided to come here and learn about your literature because I am very much interested in it. I was fascinated by the Indian culture and the thought of visiting an area that has been inhabited for thousands of years. I also look forward to meeting new people here.”According to the director of Chitra and Dhairya foundation Charu Das, this initiative was to bring different fields like tourism, art, and culture, health, yoga, education etc together.
Kolkata: Metro Railway has decided to allow commuters to use staff toilets in all Metro stations from Wednesday. According to sources, senior Metro officials have conveyed the message to all the station masters on the issue. A few days ago, the National Human Rights Commission had taken up the matter seriously and got in touch with Metro Railway regarding the issue. Metro authorities informed that they were mulling about installing toilets but before that commuters will be allowed to use the toilets designated for Metro staff members. However, the staff of Metro are not happy with the decision. A section of staff stated that the toilets are not big enough to accommodate such a huge number of commuters.
Russian Doll is an American comedy-drama web television series that follows a woman who repeatedly dies and relives the same night in an ongoing time loop. Starring Lyonne, Greta Lee, Yul Vazquez, Charlie Barnett, and Elizabeth Ashley, the show makes for a perfect binge-watching experience. The thirty-minute episodes are densely packed with plot, each expanding the central “time loop” concept into a labyrinth of entangled pathways, with the underlying mystery just vague enough to fuel multiple, wildly conflicting fan theories.
Prostitution was and is part of almost all cultures around the world, ancient and modern. The history of prostitution is a very complex one, and it cannot be simplified and understood only as the result of poor lifestyle choices or the product of unfortunate circumstances.The earliest data on prostitution dates back to the days of the Sumerian culture in ancient Mesopotamia where the profession thrived along with the growth of the marketplaces that attracted the traders and sailors.The Sumerian goddess Inanna, better known as Ishtar, one of the most prominent cults worshiped across the Middle East was, among other things, a patron of prostitutes and public houses.A banquet musician reties her himation (long garment) as her client watches. Tondo from an Attic red-figured cup, c. 490 BC, British Museum.Prostitution was also part of Ancient Greek society where it was reasonably accepted. Between the 8th and the 5th centuries BC, prostitution was legal in Athens, and like any other occupation, everyone in the business had to pay taxes on their income. There were two types of sex workers, pornai, and hetairai. The word pornai can also be translated as “buyable,” and it is also the origin of the word “pornography” in the modern English language.Courtesan and her client, Attican Pelike with red figures by Polygnotus, c. 430 BC, National Archaeological Museum of Athens. Photo by Marsyas CC BY-SA 2.5,Pornai were the common prostitutes who worked in brothels and on the streets. They were often slaves or foreign women with limited rights but all of them had the opportunity to earn money by offering sex services.The pornai mastered only one technique – to give sexual pleasure. The ones who worked on the streets had a very innovative marketing strategy to lure new clients to certain places in the city, wearing special sandals that left the message “follow me” on the ground.Things you may not know about Roman Gladiators.It is said that during the 6th century BC, Solon, an Athenian statesman and lawmaker, funded brothels that were filled with pornai. Since the profession was “democratized,” the slave women could buy their freedom, and most of them were staying in the business as “free agents.” The more ambitious ones opened their own brothels.There were also male prostitutes called pornoi. They were typically clean and shaven, and although they did offer their services to women, primarily, the pornoi serviced older men.Hetairai translates as “female companion.” The hetairai were beautiful, elegant, well educated, and often accomplished artists. Besides sexual services, they provided entertainment for men.Visit to the hetaeras. Attic red-figure hydria.Hetairai were generally companions of men from the upper class. Sometimes they accompanied older men to drinking parties more often than their wives did; but mostly they served as “teachers” of sexual techniques to the younger ones.In ancient Greece, it was expected for a man to get married only after he turned 30. Until then, they often enjoyed the company of the sex workers. Sometimes men kept to one concubine for a longer period, and sometimes they even got married. However, if such a marriage produced a child, it wasn’t recognized as a citizen. Therefore, unfortunately, infanticide was a common practice.Two banqueters and a hetaera sitting on a klinê. Terracotta from Myrina, Mysia, c. 25 BC.The thriving prostitution industry lured travelers to stay longer in Athens, but it gave the city a sense of infamy. Both locals and foreigners enjoyed the sexual services, as well as married men.Read another story from us: Freud analyzed Da Vinci’s subconscious through his painting “The Virgin & Child with Saint Anne”Married women didn’t have much freedom, and they couldn’t do much about their husbands’ infidelity. There is evidence for at least one case where a woman in Athens filed for divorce, stating “involvement with a prostitute” as a reason.Whereas the women involved in the prostitution business were more independent and had power over their lives. They earned money and could start their own business and decide what they wanted to do.
Pioneer author Laura Ingalls Wilder is considered an iconic American Legend thanks to her series of “Little House” novels that were published between 1932-1943 and NBC’s 1970s “Little House on the Prairie” television series based on the Ingalls family. The television series portrayed their own adaptation of Wilders’ life on the prairie, the novels another, but neither of them portrayed the darker truth.Wilder was in her 60s when she began to write stories based on her life during the late 1800s — telling tales of the hardships she endured from childhood until her teenage years.Laura Ingalls WilderCaroline and Charles Ingalls, parents of Laura Ingalls Wilder.A young Laura Ingalls Wilder on the porch of her rented home in Mansfield, Missouri, c. 1898. Photo by Herbert Hoover Presidential LibraryAlmanzo Wilder.Laura and Almanzo, c. 1885-86.Grace Ingalls.The Little House books have sold millions of copies and are still available in most bookstores and libraries all over the world.Wilders’ only daughter, Rose Wilder Lane, helped edit the novels and pushed for the publication of her mother’s first-hand accounts of life on the frontier.Although Wilder died in 1957, her fame and book sales skyrocketed when NBC introduced millions of viewers to the Ingalls family in March 1974.Mary Ingalls.The Ingalls Family in 1891.Rose Wilder Lane, journalist and writer, daughter of Laura Ingalls Wilder of Little House on the Prairie.The network aired the Little House on the Prairie pilot episode without expecting it to become one of the most successful dramatic television series ever aired to this day.The series ran for 9 seasons until 1983, however, it’s still currently syndicated.The real-life Ingalls family experienced loss after loss including a locust plague that caused devestating agricultural damage.Carrie, Mary, and Laura Ingalls, c. 1882.Photo by Herbert Hoover Presidential LibraryThey also endured one of the harshest winters ever recorded. Intense blizzards prevented supply trains from transporting necessary living supplies from winter until spring.Wilder eventually wrote about this specific winter and what it was like to survive through freezing temperatures, and lack of food. In 1885, Wilder met and married a family friend named Almanzo Wilder who was 10 years her senior.Although the newly married couple began a new life, they couldn’t escape the trials and hardships of frontier living.Almanzo and Laura Ingalls Wilder in the 1890s. Photo by Herbert Hoover Presidential LibraryWilder gave birth to a daughter in 1886, and a son in 1889, who tragically died when he was only one month old. Shortly after their son’s death, Almanzo became partially paralyzed from contracting diphtheria.As if that wasn’t hard enough to recover from, their house that Almanzo built himself burned down in 1890. Finally, in 1894, the Wilders’ settled down and built a farmhouse on a 200-acre piece of land in Mansfield, Missouri.The dramatisation of her life presents Laura Ingalls as a smart, resourceful, and stoic character. Without a doubt, the real Laura Ingalls Wilder and her family experienced what many other settlers weren’t fortunate enough to survive through.Read another story from us: Stripping the name of Laura Ingalls Wilder from a children’s literature award causing angerGenerations of readers and viewers have grown up getting to know the Ingalls family from one or many of the different media platforms available. What they do have in common is the truth of Laura Ingalls Wilder — despite recent criticism of her frank commentary that reflected the prevailing beliefs and attitudes of her era, she was and still is considered an iconic American and literary legend.
As early as 1908, Oskar Kokoschka was making a name for himself among the emerging Viennese Expressionists, who were taking down the classical pillars of art in Europe, and replacing them with modernist structures of concrete and steel. While Kokoschka’s opus remains a subject of research for numerous art historians, we will focus on a matter regarding his personal life. More precisely ― an episode which led the artist into what some believe was his most lucrative creative period, but also his most self-destructive one.Oskar Kokoschka. Photo © ErlingMandelmann.ch CC BY-SA 3.0As it usually goes, there is a love story behind this wave of inspiration which lasted during the period from 1912 to 1914.In 1912, the painter met Alma Mahler, a socialite and composer who was well-known among the bohemians and artists of Vienna.Alma Mahler-Werfel née Schindler, 1899 or earlier.Alma was the widow of Gustav Mahler, a prolific Austrian composer who died one year before she met Oskar.Although death had parted the couple, the two were already estranged during the last years of Gustav’s life, as Alma was having an affair with Walter Gropius, then a young architect but soon to be the founder and head of the Bauhaus School.Gustav Mahler (1860–1911), Austrian composer, and his wife Alma (1879–1964) near Toblach.Living up to her reputation as a superior seductress, the fragile Kokoschka was immediately enchanted by Alma’s appearance and personality.At the time, her relationship with Gropius was on hold and she felt it appropriate to assume a relationship with the painter, whose influence steadily grew in the artistic circles.He insisted that she posed as his model, painting numerous portraits, while quietly grooming his obsession.Alma Mahler by Oskar Kokoschka, 1912.The love affair gave birth to one of Kokoschka’s most regarded paintings ― The Tempest, also known as The Bride of the Wind ― which features him and Alma lying alongside one another in a loving embrace.On the other hand, the relationship became too burdening for Alma, as she felt smothered by Oskar, whose obsession with her grew out of proportion.She decided to leave him, and as one might guess, he didn’t cope too well with the breakup.Kokoschka, self portrait.It started with the usual ― excessive drinking, depression and proneness to scandals. However, their breakup came in the worst of times ― the First World War was heating up, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire needed volunteers to fill in the ranks.Apparently the idea echoed with the heartbroken painter, who decided to join an Imperial Dragoons’ Cavalry Regiment in 1915 and proceed onto the Ukrainian front. Warfare must have seemed so romantic to him at the time, although the reality almost cost him his life.Oskar Kokoschka. Photo © ErlingMandelmann.ch CC BY-SA 3.0Soon after his arrival, he was critically injured by receiving a bayonet to the chest and a bullet to the head. Miraculously, he survived the ordeal and after a treatment in Dresden, Kokoschka was once again sent to the front, this time to Italy.During this time Alma Mahler restarted her relationship with Walter Gropius, who also served during the war, and the two got married during one of his leaves. They would go on to build a family with two children.Alma Mahler with her daughters Maria (at left) and Anna (at right), cabinet card photo c. 1906.As for Oskar, the present was bleak. In 1916, he was wounded once again and sent to Dresden for the second time. On this occasion, the doctors noted that the artist turned soldier was struggling with mental issues as well, which prompted them to delay his release until full recovery.Luckily for Oskar, the war ended in the meantime.He returned to Vienna in 1918, still stricken by the loss of his loved one. Upon his return, Kokoschka learned of Alma’s second marriage, which shattered his hopes of ever winning her back.He responded by employing one Hermine Moos, a German dollmaker residing in Austria, with a particular task.Photographic portrait of Alma Mahler.What he asked from Moos was indeed a strange way of coping with abandonment issues. He ordered a life-size mannequin of Alma, with instructions that went beyond reasonable. As featured in one of his numerous letters to the seamstress, Kokoschka described in detail both the physical traits of his former lover, as well as the feeling she aroused in him:“Please permit my sense of touch to take pleasure in those places where layers of fat or muscle suddenly give way to a sinewy covering of skin. For the first layer (inside), please use fine, curly horsehair; you must buy an old sofa or something similar; have the horsehair disinfected. Then, over that, a layer of pouches stuffed with down, cotton wool for the seat and breasts. The point of all this for me is an experience which I must be able to embrace!”Oskar KokoschkaAfter numerous interventions and alterations, the client was pleased with the final product. Things went from bizarre to crazy from that point on. The painter ordered his servants to spread rumors and gossip about the doll, regarding her as a living woman.He would often ride in the carriage together with his artificial wife, so that he could be seen publicly in the presence of a lady, implying that she was indeed real.He continued producing portraits with the doll serving as a model, which probably proved convenient. However, in every other role, the mannequin utterly failed to replace Alma, the charismatic femme fatale of the Viennese art scene.Oskar Kokoschka’s Alma doll as Venus, 1919. Private Collection. Artist : Moos, Henriette (1890-1941). Photo by Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty ImagesDespite his best efforts, it soon became known among his friends that he was living with a life-sized replica of Alma Mahler, and after some reasoning, he decided it was best for him to end the perverse relationship with a unanimous object.But getting over Alma wasn’t going to go down without a proper celebration.So Kokoschka organized a night of Bachannalias with his friends, getting drunk beyond reason.Oskar Kokoschka’s Alma doll as Venus, 1919. Private Collection. Artist : Moos, Henriette (1890-1941). Photo by Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty ImagesIn a fit of intoxicated rage, the artist took the doll, seated her on a chair in his garden and spilled wine all over her.To complete the ritual, he wielded an axe and finally decapitated the mannequin lookalike, leaving it headless, on a chair, in his garden.Since this performance marked the climax of the party, the painter went to bed, falling instantly to sleep. The following morning he was in for a surprise. Local police raided his house in search of a bloody, headless and naked corpse of a woman that seemed to be exhibited in the garden.Read another story from us: The Troubled, Naked Painter of the Lost Generation in ParisHermine Moos creation apparently was very convincing, although the whole case was abandoned after Kokoschka explained the situation in the midst of what must’ve been the worst case of hungover awakening ever.
Fort Knox in Kentucky is seen as the gold standard for security. Not just in America but the world, where the name is a byword for the highest standards of ultimate protection. Technically its name is the United States Bullion Depository, with Fort Knox taken from the nearby army post. Knox comes from the first U.S. Secretary of War, Henry Knox. He performed the role between 1789 – 1794. The “Fort”’s purpose is fairly self-explanatory. In case of any confusion, another title it has is the “Gold Vault”.Taking around a year to build, the project to house U.S. gold reserves began construction in 1935. According to the U.S. Treasury, the build cost $560,000. It doesn’t hold all of America’s gold but it contains approximately half. Run by the United States Mint, it’s part of a network of six facilities that protect this most precious of metals.Fort Knox tank. Photo by 48states CC BY-SA 3.0Other locations include the Denver Mint and the San Francisco Assay Office. None are as famous as Fort Knox and its credentials. A 2017 Daily Mail article says, “the depository also held the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution during the Second World War.”The initial gold supply was transported to Kentucky by rail. Responsibility was taken by the United States Postal Service. As explained on the Mint’s website, “This was the only method of providing insurance for the gold because, at the time, the U.S.P.S. was the only agency that could accept the liability if any assets were lost.” Watching over the Depository is an Officer in Charge, with the Mint’s own Police Force ensuring no-one chances their arm.A tank driver at Fort Knox in 1942Guarding national gold takes the right combination of secure materials. Fort Knox “contains 16,000 cubic feet of granite, 4,200 cubic yards of concrete, 750 tons of reinforced steel and 670 tons of structural steel.” The Treasury notes that “The two-story basement and attic building is constructed of granite, steel and concrete. Its exterior dimensions measure 105 feet by 121 feet. Its height is 42 feet above ground level.” From the outside it resembles a fortress.Below ground lies a complex blend of impenetrable layers and cryptic security procedures. The vault is described as “a two level steel and concrete vault that is divided into compartments… The vault casing is constructed of steel plates, steel I-beams and steel cylinders laced with hoop bands and encased in concrete. The vault roof is of similar construction and is independent of the Depository roof.”Infantryman wearing Brodie helmet, kneeling in front of M3 Half-track, holds an M1 Garand rifle. Fort Knox, June 1942Weighing 20 tons and blast proof, the vault door is 21 inches thick and is only accessible via combinations. Staff who work in offices surrounding the granite stronghold all have different instructions on how to get inside, enhancing the exclusive nature of the operation. Talking of exclusive, visitors were not welcomed at Fort Knox for decades. Franklin D. Roosevelt managed to get the tour, but that may have been because he was President at the time of construction.The U.S. Gold Bullion Depository. Photo by Cliff CC BY 2.0A delegation from Congress were allowed to inspect the facility in 1974, when it was suggested gold was being spirited away. Covering this momentous event, the New York Times wrote, “Stacked from the floor 8 feet to the ceiling in a vault 6 feet wide and 12 feet deep were 36,236 bars, glistening in the half‐light. The effect of standing in the presence of about $1,775,688,776.85 worth of gold in one room was awesome.”Related Video: Divers Stumble Upon 2,000 ‘Priceless’ Gold CoinsPublic servants weren’t allowed inside again till 2017, when Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin made the decision to request access. Mnuchin formerly ran Dune Entertainment, where he was involved in films such as Suicide Squad (2016) and The Disaster Artist (2017).Fort Knox fortification. Photo by Derek Ramsey (Ram-Man) CC BY SA 4.0He may have been aware of Fort Knox’s role in 007 adventure Goldfinger (1964). While the team couldn’t shoot at the Depository itself, they created an imaginary version that production designer Ken Adam felt better reflected its legendary status.Read another story from us: How a Medieval Fortress Became the Most Famous Art Museum in the WorldIn terms of the legend, this is seen as a major part of the Depository’s reputation. From whispers about what exactly happens down there, through to wild movie sets from Bond’s finest, a lot of what people know about Fort Knox happens in their minds. As the Mint observes, “Perhaps the most advanced security system the Depository has to offer is its secrecy.”
The news from the Cowboys immediately following the game was optimistic, Tony Romo even commented that he could have re-entered the game if necessary. Great news!Fast forward a couple days, and the initial optimism has given way to the reality that it’s unlikely Romo will be back anytime soon. Although the Cowboys have officially announced Romo’s status as “Day to Day”, conflicting media reports have speculated he could be out as long as 6 – 10 weeks.Listen to Dr. John Michels, MD describe the specific nature of Romo’s injury and it doesn’t sound like he’s coming back for a while, let alone Week 1. But, hey, what does he know? He’s just a medical doctor, and you’re a mall security guard. You’re right, you probably know better.On @FOX4 this morning discussing #TonyRomo‘s injury. pic.twitter.com/CjehYObAKa— John Michels (@DrJohnMichels) August 28, 2016Either way, it looks like the Cowboys need to replace their phone, whether it’s this year or next. Enter rookie Dak Prescott.Prescott has easily had the best preseason of any rookie, maybe the best preseason of any player in the NFL. He’s shown mobility, a strong arm, and capable decision making, but, preseason is preseason and Week 1 is a different planet from a scheme and game plan perspective. For the contingent of clamoring Prescott supporters, it’s put up or shut up time.Maybe in the long run, it’s better for the future of the organization. At least you’ll know what you have in Prescott. Half a season should prove whether you’ve found the next Drew Henson or, hopefully, the next…..Tony Romo. Then, you can all rejoice that you have your next savior or finally shut up about it. Tony Romo’s back is the “iPhone without a protective case” of backs. You may get a day out of it, maybe a month, maybe even a year if you’re lucky. But, eventually it’ll hit the ground and break. At this point in his career, it’s seemingly a matter of time for Romo.Just three plays into Thursday’s preseason game against the Seahawks, Romo went down in a heap when he was sacked from behind by Seattle Defensive End Cliff Avril. The hit left Romo writhing in pain on the ground with another back injury, and instantly deflated the hopes of a Cowboys fan base that had visions of a Super Bowl run in 2016.Tony Romo goes down after hit. Walked off the field on his own. Dak Prescott in at QB for the Cowboys. #DALvsSEAhttps://t.co/wbppIp6CGx— NFL Network (@nflnetwork) August 26, 2016 Advertisement
Where Colin was WrongAdam Gase can coach – Colin was critical when Miami hired Adam Gase, but Miami is on a 6-game winning streak, and Ryan Tannehill is playing the best football of his career. Gase has finally been able to get a foothold in a Miami franchise that has been spinning its wheels for years. He may be young and inexperienced, but Gase is a good fit in Miami. Colin was wrong.Last play of the game … Suh to rescue! #FinsUp pic.twitter.com/gN7U56ilqv— uSTADIUM (@uSTADIUM) November 27, 2016 Where Colin was RightBrock Osweiler is a $72 million dumpster fire – Colin’s biggest red flag with Osweiler was that John Elway so casually let him go in free agency. Osweiler is a weak-armed 6’8’’, lacks any mobility and pocket awareness, and can’t stretch the field vertically. He ranks near the bottom of nearly every major statistical category for NFL quarterbacks. Colin predicted the Osweiler signing would be bad, but maybe not this bad. With Osweiler, All-Pro receiver DeAndre Hopkins has practically disappeared off the face of the earth. It’s just bad all the way around in every way possible. Colin was right that Osweiler was a $72 million bust.Fans use lasers to distract Brock Osweiler on a key third-down: pic.twitter.com/Cjs3FZLGf7— Chat Sports (@ChatSports) November 22, 2016 The Blazin’ 5 is on a heater – Colin rattled off another 4 winners this weekend. The Chiefs overtime win clinched the 4-1 assault on the house. Colin also hit on the Panthers getting points on the road, the Falcons giving 4 at home, and the Chargers giving a point on the road in Houston. Colin finally went with the Cowboys, and they lost ATS for the first time all year, laying a big number at home. Go figure. He moves to a solid 35-24-1 on the year. He’s handing out free money every Friday. Christmas toys are on Uncle Colin.“I love this number. I get Carolina +3.5 at Oakland. I will take it.” — @ColinCowherd #Blazin5 pic.twitter.com/lgRfnATJwm— Herd w/Colin Cowherd (@TheHerd) November 27, 2016 Where Colin was WrongMatty Ice has played out of his mind this year – Colin was off the Matty Ice bandwagon after the Falcons had struggled through several years of going nowhere. This year, Ryan ranks in the Top 3 in the NFL in completion percentage (68%), passing yards per game (319), yards per attempt (9.25), passing touchdowns (26), and passer rating (114). Colin thought Ryan had hit his ceiling as an NFL quarterback, but he is emerging as a legitimate MVP candidate with offensive coordinator Kyle Shanahan. Colin was wrong.Matty Ice finds @TGdadon1 for a 76-yard TD! #RiseUp #ATLvsPHI pic.twitter.com/njISbRysdW— Ignacio Duarte (@IgnacioduarteM) November 15, 2016 Where Colin was RightEd Orgeron hired as LSU’s Head Coach – Orgeron was bad at Ole Miss when he got his first chance at a big-time coaching gig, but he’s done miraculous work as an interim at USC and LSU, since. There has never been a coach that has felt like a better fit for a school. He sounds like LSU, he looks like LSU. He’s not leaving. Congrats to Ed Orgeron. Great hire. Now, go get an offensive coordinator.Ed Orgeron’s grave should read #FootballGuy(Don’t worry, I don’t understand what he’s saying either)pic.twitter.com/dmZa0q6gLm— Jack McGuire (@TailgateHeisman) November 17, 2016 Where Colin was WrongJoey Bosa is a stud – Colin didn’t like the early signs for Joey Bosa, and thought he had high bust potential. His first impression was that he had stage parents and was involved in a lengthy rookie contract holdout. Since getting on the field, Bosa has been a monster. Yesterday, he racked up 2.5 tackles for loss and has 4.5 sacks in 7 games. He’s got a great motor and plays with high energy. Colin was wrong.Wahnsinns-Tackle:Top-Rookie @jbbigbear ist eine Highlight-Maschine – und gibt nie auf! #SDvsHOU #Chargers pic.twitter.com/wk4buyJDam— NFL Deutschland (@NFLDeutschland) November 27, 2016 Where Colin was RightThe Colts minus Andrew Luck are a total disaster – Andrew Luck sat out Thursday night’s game against the Steelers, and as Colin predicted and rooted for, Indy got smoked by Pittsburgh. The Colts fraud of an organization was laid bare for the world to see as they put up a whopping 7 points in the loss. The Colts are averaging 26 points per game with Luck, who is the frequent target of criticism for the team’s struggles. Those in Indianapolis pinning the blame on him are morons. The Colts are a joke without Luck. Colin was right.Where Colin was WrongTennessee in the College Football Final Four – Colin’s prediction that Tennessee would be college football’s surprise team and make the Final Four was his biggest miss from his college preseason predictions. He also had Clemson, Michigan and Oklahoma making the cut, with Bama and Ohio State at #5 and #6. Tennessee is 8-4 under Butch Jones, and should be 6-6. They just got whacked by Vandy. If Notre Dame moves on from Brian Kelly, the Vols could upgrade immediately by ditching Jones for Kelly. Colin was wrong on the Vols as a contender. Where Colin was RightDerek Carr is a star – The Raiders are 9-2, and Derek Carr just led another game-winning drive, this time after jamming a dislocated finger into a receiver glove to get the win over the Panthers. Carr playing through the pain is just another example of his off the charts intangibles. He has 22 touchdowns on the year, only 5 interceptions, and is completing 66% of his passes. Carr is money. Colin was on this one well ahead of the national curve. Right.The pinky of #Raiders Derek Carr probably isn’t supposed to be bent in that direction. pic.twitter.com/OzJBRUDDsR— Charles Robinson (@CharlesRobinson) November 27, 2016 Every Monday in The Herd, it’s time for Colin to face the good, the bad, and the ugly of another week of predictions with Where Colin was right, where Colin was wrong.This Week Colin went 4-1 with a scorcher of a Blazin’ 5. He was also right on Ed Orgeron getting the LSU job, and that the Colts without Andrew Luck are a complete embarrassment. Colin was wrong on Joey Bosa, who’s been a standout with the Chargers, and Adam Gase, who’s been a home run as head coach in Miami.Here’s the right and the wrong from the past week.Where Colin was Right Advertisement