New pilot whale subspecies revealed: Q&A with marine biologist Amy Van Cise

first_imgFor centuries, Japanese seafarers have noted two distinct types of pilot whale in their waters: One with a squarish head and dark body, the other a bit bigger with a round head and a light patch on its back.The two types have long been officially classified simply as forms of the same species, short-finned pilot whales (Globicephala macrorhynchus), but a new genetic study finds that they are actually distinct subspecies.The finding is just the latest shake-up of the cetacean family tree after the discoveries of new whale species in recent years.Mongabay spoke with the new study’s lead author, Amy Van Cise, a marine biologist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts, about the science of whale taxonomy and what her team’s discovery means for the conservation of short-finned pilot whales. For centuries, Japanese seafarers have noted two distinct types of pilot whale in their waters. One, known as Naisa goto, has a squarish head, an almost entirely dark body and lives in southern Japan; the other, known as Shiho goto, is a bit bigger, has a round head and a light patch on its back and lives in northern Japan. The two types were first described scientifically in 1760, in a classic Japanese natural history of whales, but have long been officially classified simply as forms of the same species, short-finned pilot whales (Globicephala macrorhynchus). A genetic study published early this month finds that the two types are actually two distinct subspecies.Short-finned pilot whales have been recognized as a single species, but a recent study found that two unique subspecies actually exist: the round-headed “Shiho” type, left, and the square-headed “Naisa” type, right. Image by Natalie Renier, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.Moreover, while Naisa short-finned pilot whales live in tropical and temperate waters of the Atlantic and Indian oceans, in the Pacific they keep to the west while Shiho stay mainly in the east (plus northern Japan). It was the immense, food-poor expanse of the central Pacific that drove the two subspecies apart evolutionarily, the study authors contend, and not any obvious barrier like a continental landmass.The finding is just the latest shake-up of the cetacean family tree. The discovery of several new species in recent years has prompted wonder that animals as large and captivating as whales and dolphins could elude discovery in the depths of the sea.Mongabay spoke with the lead author of the new study, Amy Van Cise, a marine biologist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts, about the science of whale taxonomy and what her team’s discovery means for the conservation of short-finned pilot whales.Amy Van Cise. Image by Julia Fiedler.Mongabay: Can you start by describing short-finned pilot whales? Amy Van Cise: Sure. Short-finned pilot whales are actually not whales. They’re dolphins; they’re in the dolphin family [Delphinidae]. They’re the second-largest dolphins [after] the killer whale. And they look a little similar to killer whales. They’re very large. They don’t have any coloration the way killer whales do, so they’re just mostly a large black dolphin. They have a sister species called the long-finned pilot whale [G. melas].Short-finned pilot whales are actually pretty understudied. There’s a lot that we don’t know about them. But there are some scientists who have done some pretty good studies on them more locally. For example, they know that a lot of these animals, at least in the more coastal populations, tend to prefer the slope region of the ocean. And that’s probably because they eat squid, and that’s squid [habitat]. They’re very deep-diving animals; they can [dive] up to 800 meters [2,620 feet].I know some dolphin species like to ride boat wakes and they can be curious about people. What are short-finned pilot whales like, behaviorally?The most notable characteristic about them is that they are very highly social. They always travel in these groups of like 30 or more. Those groups are very stable. A study that I did a couple years ago showed that those are actually immediate family members. There is a photo ID study that used 20 years of data and showed that the smallest groups spend nearly 100 percent of their time together; and those are immediate, like mom-dad-sister-brother, relationships. And then those small groups will sometimes meet up with other small groups and form a larger group [of 30 or more].When you’re in a boat approaching these animals in the groups, they kind of are interacting amongst themselves and a lot of times they’re not really paying attention to the boat. That allows us a chance to observe their behaviors really closely and just watch them interact with each other, which is always really cool.How do they interact with each other? You see a lot of dyads, actually. Two animals tend to swim always right next to each other.Are these mother-calf pairs? We don’t know all the time what they are. Sometimes it is male dyads, so definitely not always mother-calf pairs. But they look to be socially stable dyads that continue for years and years and years.We’ve [also] come upon groups [with] a really interesting group structure, where you get the large whales at the front and then all of the females and the young are kind of in the middle of the group. And then you get the two large males in the back, in what seems to be kind of a defensive type structure. I don’t think that we know much about them having any predators. It could be for something else, [such as] making sure the young don’t wander off and get lost.Amy Van Cise, left, and colleague Annie Gorgone of the U.S. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration photograph short-finned pilot whales in Hawaii. Image by Robin Baird, Cascadia Research Collective.How did you get started on this question of short-finned pilot whales’ taxonomy? There’s been this hypothesis in the general scientific community for quite some time now. Probably back in ’80s Japanese scientists started publishing papers showing that off the coast of Japan there were these two very different morphological types, groups of animals with very different body plans. Then, in the early 2000s another scientist started collecting some tissue samples. He was able to show that there was a genetic basis for the difference between these two groups and that it extends outside of Japan.So that was kind of where we were when I was first introduced to short-finned pilot whales. The first study that I did [in 2016] looked at that genetic pattern throughout the entire Pacific Ocean and then a little bit in the Indian and Atlantic oceans as well. And we used a pretty simple genetic marker, but we found interesting and unexpected patterns in the way the animals were distributed. Everybody expected them to have a temperature-based distribution, so they expected to see a northern type and a southern type and that those two types would be kind of a cold water and a warm water [type]. But we didn’t find that at all. We found that there was a split down middle of the Pacific Ocean and there was an eastern type and a western type.After we did that study we realized that we really should look more in depth to see just exactly how different these two types are and whether it’s a global pattern. And that was the basis of this study. So we sent an email out to the marine mammal [scientific] community and we asked for potential collaborators around the world to send us [tissue] samples of short-finned pilot whales. We got a lot of responses from areas where we didn’t previously have samples from, which was great. And so we were able to expand the study geographically to cover more of the range of these animals. We complemented our previous work with more technologically advanced [genetic] markers. Having the samples from a broader range really allowed us to say ‘now we know on a global level what’s happening with these animals.’ And that is one of the basic requirements of making a taxonomic recommendation, is that you have to be able to say that the pattern that you see is occurring throughout the entire global range of the species.A Naisa type short-finned pilot whale. Image (c) 2019 S. Cerchio.Your paper mentions that these two types of short-finned pilot whale were originally described in 1760, and of course they must have been known about locally much longer than that. Why did it take 260 years for taxonomy to catch up? Basically in the early 1800s there was a great renaissance or blossoming of describing of species all over the world. And it happened for whales as well as a ton of other taxa. And so you just got naturalists and scientists all over the world separately and individually describing all these species. Short-finned pilot whales actually had upwards of 20 different species descriptions and different scientific names for these species. It was later, in the mid-1900s, when scientists started to look at all these and decided they’d gone too far, they’d named the species too many different times. And so for short-finned pilot whales along with a bunch of different species, they synonymized all these names and said ‘OK, all of these animals that we were considering to be 20 different species of short-finned pilot whale are just one.’I think it was then that the information about these two different morphological types got lost. And then it was ‘rediscovered’ in the 1980s by these Japanese scientists who were working with Japanese whalers. The whalers, as far as I know, kind of always had that information. But it was just a matter of getting it to the scientists and then the scientists publishing it. It was something that the scientific community learned a second time, basically.When you look at the pictures of them they look quite different. So it seems sort of intuitive that they should be split in that way. Is that being overly simplistic? It’s a little bit. I don’t know if you necessarily want to call everything that looks a little bit different different. You might end up with just tons and tons of different species.Which is what they did. Yeah. There’s a really interesting debate in the taxonomy world. We have two different sides and we call them the splitters and the lumpers. And it’s actually kind of funny that geneticists usually fall among the splitters rather than the lumpers.When you’re asking if two things are separate species or subspecies, at the species level you’re looking for a lack of mating in the wild. If in the wild, in their natural habitat, those two animals would not mate then we can call them different species. For the subspecies designation it’s a little more hazy, it’s a little more like can we show that these two animals are basically on two separate diverging evolutionary tracks, and that if left alone will become a separate species over time?That’s a little bit difficult to prove. So we try to use sometimes a combination of morphology and genetics, and sometimes people look at other characteristics, like mating behaviors or feeding behaviors, to show that the animals are different. It usually ends up being a combination of multiple different data types to build a really strong argument.A Shiho, top, and a Naisa short-finned pilot whale, bottom. Both types live in the Pacific Ocean, Naisa mainly in the west and Shiho mainly in the east (plus northern Japan). Naisa also live in the Atlantic and Indian oceans. Images courtesy of NOAA Southwest Fisheries Science Center (top) and Cascadia Research Collective (bottom).Were there any surprises to you in this work? I think probably the most surprising thing to me was that we didn’t get a third subspecies in the Atlantic Ocean. The only reason that surprised me is because I am human therefore I am kind of land-centric and I think of land as being this big important barrier to animals that are trying to travel around. And so I’m thinking ‘Oh well if we have two subspecies in the Pacific Ocean there’s clearly going to be a third subspecies in the Atlantic Ocean. But it turns out that that’s not true. There’s more migration and mixing happening around the southern tip of Africa than there is in the Pacific. To me that was the most interesting thing: that the middle of the Pacific, where it’s just this big barren food desert, is a greater barrier to these animals than the continent of Africa.What are the conservation implications of there being two subspecies of short-finned pilot whale?The fact that they’re considered one species globally means that they’re managed as such. But if there are two different subspecies of short-finned pilot whale, then management bodies are going to look at each of those subspecies differently. And that might change the way local populations are managed. In the United States we manage stocks of short-finned pilot whales in Hawaii, in the eastern Pacific off the coast of California and Oregon and Washington, and then in the Atlantic Ocean. In Hawaii the population estimate is in the neighborhood of 20,000 animals. So that seems to be a healthy population. In the California Current, on the other hand, the population estimate is somewhere around 500 animals. So if you consider the population a different subspecies than the one in Hawaii then you’re going to have to treat it differently from a conservation standpoint. You’re going to have to develop a management plan that’s suited to a population of 500 animals of the subspecies rather than two stocks of the same type of animal.A Shiho type short-finned pilot whale. Image courtesy of NOAA Southwest Fisheries Science Center.What kind of management questions would come into play? The threats that they face are very local. In some areas there are hunts for pilot whales. Those are in Japan, the Faroe Islands, and then in some areas of the Caribbean. And there could be some hunts in the South Pacific as well. In the United States, with stocks that we manage, they can be caught in long-line fisheries. That happens off the coast of California and also off the coast of Hawaii. They seem to be sensitive to anthropogenic noise and navy sonar. They come in contact quite a bit with local tourism boats, but I’m not sure if that’s an actual threat for them. So I’d say fishing and noise are the two biggest [threats].Short-finned pilot whales are a species that tend to strand in these large groups. So whenever you hear stories about a group of 30 or 50 or 100 animals that stranded on a beach somewhere, a lot of times that’s short-finned pilot whales. To my knowledge, nobody’s figured out yet why they strand the way they do. But when they do, you’re losing what seems to be basically an entire social group. If one animal in that group strands they all strand together.There’s been a fair bit of juggling among cetacean species, like with the discovery of Omura’s whale [Balaenoptera omurai] and then a new kind of killer whale just a couple months ago. What does this all say about the state of our knowledge of whales? It’s kind of amazing that we’re finding these giant creatures that nobody knew about in the ocean. The ocean is vast and incredibly understudied. We think we know a lot more about it than we actually do. There are all these places in the ocean where people really just haven’t been and haven’t looked. And, you know, the more you look the more you find. So I think that’s the first thing that’s happening.The second thing that’s happening is just kind of an artifact of the way we’ve historically done science, which is that in order to describe a species you need to have a morphological specimen. And that usually ends up being a set of skull measurements or something very difficult to come by for animals that live out in the middle of the ocean where we don’t really have access to them. And on top of not really having access to them, we don’t really condone killing these animals for science. I don’t think we should be killing these animals for science either, [but] it makes it very difficult to get those skulls. And so that’s where genetics has come in and it’s just kind of opened up new worlds for us. Animals that we suspected were different species or different subspecies for a really long time, we’re now able to prove that they are.Short-finned pilot whales in the Canary Islands, Spain. The animals often travel in pairs or “dyads” that remain stable for many years. Image by Tony Hisgett via Flickr (CC BY 2.0).Are there any key takeaways that you care to leave us with? From a conservation standpoint I think it’s important to recognize different subspecies or species before you lose them. I think that as a society we would all be extremely sad to have lost a species simply because we didn’t recognize that it existed in the first place. Right now we’re racing against the clock for so many of these species and we’re just losing diversity right and left all around us. And those are the ones that we know about; at the same time there are probably all of these different subspecies and species that we don’t even know exist.We can’t conserve what we don’t know. So if we’re going to try to properly conserve the biodiversity in the world around us we need to have an accurate picture of what that is.This interview has been edited for length and clarity.Banner image: A short-finned pilot whale in the Canary Islands, Spain. Image by Gustavo Perez via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 3.0).CitationsVan Cise, A.M., Baird, R.W., Baker, C.S., Cerchio, S., Claridge, D., Fielding, R., … & Oleson, E.M. (2019). Oceanographic barriers, divergence, and admixture: Phylogeography and taxonomy of two putative subspecies of short‐finned pilot whale. Molecular ecology.Mahaffy, S.D., Baird, R.W., McSweeney, D.J., Webster, D.L., & Schorr, G.S. (2015). High site fidelity, strong associations, and long‐term bonds: Short‐finned pilot whales off the island of Hawai ‘i. Marine Mammal Science, 31(4), 1427-1451.Van Cise, A.M., Martien, K.K., Mahaffy, S.D., Baird, R.W., Webster, D.L., Fowler, J.H., … & Morin, P.A. (2017). Familial social structure and socially driven genetic differentiation in Hawaiian short‐finned pilot whales. Molecular ecology, 26(23), 6730-6741.Van Cise, A. M., Morin, P. A., Baird, R. W., Lang, A. R., Robertson, K. M., Chivers, S. J., … & Martien, K. K. (2016). Redrawing the map: mt DNA provides new insight into the distribution and diversity of short‐finned pilot whales in the Pacific Ocean. Marine Mammal Science, 32(4), 1177-1199.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the editor of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. 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Exclusive – ‘There is something wrong at Manchester United’, insists Gray

first_imgAndy Gray insists something is wrong at Manchester United.The Red Devils lost Sunday’s big derby at arch-rivals Manchester City, and have won just three Premier League games all season – their worst start to a campaign for 28 years.They are already trailing leaders Chelsea by a massive 13 points but, so far at least, there have been no grumblings from the fans about manager Louis van Gaal.Gray claims the Dutchman’s past glories are keeping him safe at the moment, but believes there have to be issues at the club.“You know why he [Val Gaal] is different [and is not getting stick]? Because he’s a foreigner and he comes with a very big CV of managing some of the biggest clubs in the world,” Gray said on the Alan Brazil Sports Breakfast. “I can only think that’s bought him some time.“But at £250-odd million they are the most expensive team in Premier League history and they haven’t won an away game in the Premier League this season. There’s something wrong somewhere.“That spell of 15-20 minutes at the end of the City game got Van Gaal out of [trouble] because it was spirited, but for £250million spirit should come as a given. It shouldn’t be an issue.”last_img read more

Fergie blames agent for Pogba’s Man United exit – and he hits back

first_img Paul Pogba’s agent Mino Raiola The agent of Paul Pogba has hit back at claims by former Manchester United boss Sir Alex Ferguson that he was to blame for the midfielder leaving Old Trafford.The Frenchman left the English giants in 2012 for Juventus, where he has since won three Serie A titles.United have often been criticised for letting the 22-year-old go after watching him develop into one of the world’s best players.In Sir Alex’s new book, Leading, the Scotsman claims it was Pogba’s agent Mino Raiola who caused the move.However, Raiola has now rubbished those remarks and instead argued that Sir Alex made a mistake.“Those words don’t describe my work in a negative way. I rate them as a proof that I am good at my job,” Raiola told Tuttosport.“I have to do what’s best for my player’s sake. If I had looked only at my immediate gain, I would have kept Pogba in Manchester.“But I put Pogba’s interests first and we decided to go to Turin. Maybe Ferguson only likes those who obey him.“From his quotes, I understand that Ferguson still doesn’t have a clue who Pogba really is. Ferguson was an excellent manager, but the greatest managers can be wrong sometimes.” 1last_img read more

Saints defeat has damaged Man City’s confidence ahead of semi-final – Iheanacho

first_imgManchester City striker Kelechi Iheanacho has admitted Sunday’s 4-2 defeat to Southampton has severely damaged the team’s confidence ahead of their Champions League semi-final against Real Madrid.The Nigerian forward struck twice but it wasn’t enough for the Blues, as Sadio Mane scored a hat-trick to lead the Saints to a brilliant home win.Iheanacho, 19, hopes his performance will have earned him a start for City’s semi-final second leg trip to the Bernabeu on Wednesday night.But he admitted Manuel Pellegrini’s side saw their preparations dented ahead of the biggest game of their season.“This was not good preparation, this game didn’t give us enough confidence but we’ll put it behind us as soon as we leave here and focus on the game on Wednesday,” said Iheanacho.“We need to put it behind us, it’s gone, it’s not going to come back.“So many things went wrong in the game, we lost so many balls and we didn’t defend well.“We lost so we’re not happy, but we’ll put it behind us and come back stronger.” Kelechi Iheanacho (L) scored twice against Southampton 1last_img read more

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first_imgNewcastle United and Southampton target Yann Karamoh is finally set to join Inter Milan.The Italian club have been negotiating a deal with Caen for weeks and it was feared talks could collapse.However, according to Telefoot, everything is now in place for the winger to move to the San Siro before Thursday’s deadline.Inter will reportedly shell out around £7.25m to land Karamoh, but that amount could rise over time due to various bonuses.The 19-year-old’s decision to move to Italy will come as a major blow to both Newcastle and Southampton, who had been tracking the France Under-21 international this summer.Caen had been hoping to keep hold of Karamoh but, after he refused to extend his contract past 2018, they have decided to cash in on him now. Caen have decided to cash in on the 19-year-old 1last_img read more

Premier League team of the season so far – Liverpool and Spurs stars feature

first_img John McGinn insisted he was always planning to stay at Villa this summer getty 6 6 GoalkeeperHugo Lloris – Tottenham- Average Rating: 7.2 buildlineup.com deals 6 Spurs investigation into alleged racial abuse of Rudiger is so far ‘inconclusive’ Getty Images – Getty 6 Check out all the live commentaries coming up across the talkSPORT network this week Tony Cascarino backs Everton to sign two strikers for Carlo Ancelotti Top scorer in 2019: Messi, Mbappe and Sterling trailing Europe’s top marksman Ian Holloway thinks Arsenal have made a mistake in hiring Mikel Arteta The Premier League season is well and truly underway, and it is shaping as exciting and goal-filled as ever.With Manchester City closely trailing Liverpool in the table, it seems like the Premier League could well be another two-horse race.The two clubs dominated league so much last season that nine of the eleven members of the PFA Team of the Season were from either Liverpool or Manchester City. 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The Portuguese defender has registered 20 tackles far this campaign, only being bettered by the aforementioned Wan-Bissaka. rookie error WhoScored.com, one of the most accurate and well respected football ratings databases, has formulated their own Team of the Season so far – and there are a few surprise inclusions that you might have expected.WhoScored.com have ranked each player Premier League player throughout the season thus we can see who the eleven best players have been so far this campaign.So who makes the XI? Find out below… AFP or licensors Man United transfer news live: Haaland ‘wants a change’, two players off in January center_img LATEST FOOTBALL NEWS So far this season, Hugo Lloris has been rather busy in the Tottenham goal.The 2018 World Cup winner has made 19 saves so far this campaign, the most of any goalkeeper in the Premier League.So despite failing to manage a clean sheet, the Spurs shot-stopper has found his way into the Premier League Team of the Season so far.DefendersRoberto Pereira – Leicester – Average Rating: 7.4Virgil van Dijk – Liverpool – Average Rating 7.4 on target stalemate Just like last season, Virgil van Dijk has been ever-present so far for Liverpool in the 2019/20 campaign. England vs Kosovo (Tuesday, 7:45pm) – talkSPORTDerby vs Cardiff (Friday, 7:45pm) – talkSPORT 2Liverpool vs Newcastle (Saturday, 12:30pm) – talkSPORTFulham vs West Brom (Saturday, 12:30pm) – talkSPORT 2Tottenham vs Crystal Palace (Saturday, 3pm) – talkSPORT 2Norwich vs Man City (Saturday, 5:30pm) – talkSPORTHuddersfield vs Sheffield Wednesday (Sunday, 12pm) – talkSPORT 2Barnsley vs Leeds (Sunday, 12:30pm) – talkSPORT statement latest AFP or licensors Getty Images – Getty LIVE on talkSPORT Kevin De Bruyne – Manchester City – Average Rating: 8.2Raheem Sterling – Manchester City – Average Rating 8.0Once again, it is no surprise to see Mohammed Salah of Liverpool and both Kevin De Bruyne and Raheem Sterling of Man City included in the Premier League Team of the Season so far. Sterling has registered five goals so far this campaign, the joint second highest in the league thus far, while Kevin De Bruyne has five assists to his name,. more than any other player.However, it is the inclusion of John McGinn that might raise a few eyebrows. Despite Aston Villa lying in 18th place with only three points out of a possible twelve, the Scotsman has completed 17 tackles so far this campaign, more than any other midfielder. The stats say Lloris has been the best goalkeeper this Premier League season What every Premier League club’s fans dream of this Christmas BIG PRESENTS UP TOP Strugglers Wigan hold Blackburn to goalless draw in Championship Video Player is loading.Play VideoPlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 1:20Loaded: 12.36%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -1:20 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedAudio Tracken (Main), selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. 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This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:00Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 Playback Rate1xFullscreen Manchester City are hoping to win their third consecutive Premier League title, but will face stiff competition from Jurgen Klopp’s Liverpool Sergio Aguero scored his 400th career goal in Manchester City’s win at Bournemouth 6 Liverpool transfer news live: Star man wanted by Real Madrid, Mbappe latest and more Argentinian striker Sergio Aguero has scored six goals so far this campaign, more than anyone else in the league. He currently averages 1.5 goals per game in the league. He has scored 43% of Manchester City’s goals this campaign.Liverpool’s Robert Firmino completes the XI, averaging 4.3 shots so far per game in the 2019/20 season. He has also scored two and assisted another two, a contribution that has ensured Jurgen Klopp’s men have retained their 100% win record. Here’s how the team of the season looks so far, according to statslast_img read more

Open Source: Microsoft and Open Source == Oil and Water?

first_imgAlfresco has released the results of their periodic “Open Source Barometer” survey.It’s important to note up front that the survey results are from 25,163 members of the Alfresco on-line community who have become Alfresco members from April 1st to September 30th — so this is a highly biased population to be surveying.  These are people who are already convinced of the benefits of Open Source and very likely organizations that use or have no problem using a Java-based platform.But nonetheless, since the survey pool represents 5000 global organizations, the results are interesting.  When questioned about Microsoft SharePoint and related products and technology, Microsoft did not fare well.  The results of the survey were:· Open source users as a whole and respondents using Windows are rejecting Silverlight and .NET/Web parts· 92% do not use or intend to use Silverlight· 86% do not use or intend to use .NET/Web Parts· 71% use or intend to use an open stack based on a Java architecture· 58% use or intend to use AJAX with 21% choosing Flex· 53% of respondents using Windows use or intend to use a stack based on a Java architecture· 52% of respondents using Windows use or intend to use AJAXlast_img read more

Moving from Pure Analytics to Genomic Predictions – HP Discover Day 2 Highlight

first_imgThe second day of HP’s Discover 2013 is a wrap. I’ve been following much of the action using hashtag #HPDiscoverOpens in a new window, following @IntelBizOpens in a new window, and checking out the event livestreamOpens in a new window. I love the fact that those of not attending today’s events can stay in touch with the emerging insights, technology from nearly half a world away seamlessly.I was able to catch Pat Buddenbaum’s session on Big Data, titled Intel: Technologies for the Next Big Data RevolutionOpens in a new window. Pat and I used to work together in Intel’s Data Center group not too many years ago, when servers were physical – not virtual, clouds were only in the sky and data was housed mostly in databases, under strict lock and key. Pat has emerged as Director of the Enterprise segment Intel’s Datacenter and Connected Systems Group and offers an interesting perspective on the future and applications of Big Data.Big Data’s impact on business has been revolutionary, but there’s more work to be done and a lot more insights to be gained. As Pat discusses in his presentation, the current system is one focused on turning knowledge into data points – but where we want to go is to a system where we turn data in knowledge.One specific application of how we can apply this new-found knowledge for society’s benefit is in the life sciences industry, where the ability to map each individual person’s genomic sequenceOpens in a new window could lead to exponentially more effective, more personalized medical careOpens in a new window. In this light, genomics – typically considered a “challenge” should be viewed as an “imperative” as the impact of unlocking the mysteries of the human body could be world-changing and life-altering for people. The question is: how close are we? Much closer than we ever have been but still need significantly more computing and analytic power to provide cost effective solutions for real time personal care through widely scalable applications.Let’s explore:In 2003, the first human genome sequencing cost $2.3 billion dollars. Now, 10 years later, the cost has been cut to several thousand dollars. Scientists, analysts, and technologists are aiming for a full genomic sequence in just 4 hours – a 100x speed-up over today’s capabilities. However, to realize the goal of real time personalized medicine, a full sequencing would need to be completed in minutes. Pat thinks we’re on the right track and tools are emerging.He explains how Intel is working closely with the industry to enable this next Big Data revolution from all angles including compute, storage, networking, end-to-end security, and software capabilities like Hadoop – laying the foundation to make true data-driven knowledge easy and possible for all.Fellow blogger E.G. NadhanOpens in a new window from HP also summarized Pat’s keynote presentation offering insights on how data analytics have been used historically and covering some modern day applications and success stories. E.G.’s blog can be found in the IT Peer Network.I recommend watching Pat’s HP Discover presentation below:Opens in a new windowWant to learn more about Intel’s work on Big Data and human genome sequencing? Check out GraphBuilderOpens in a new window, Intel’s scalable graph construction library for Hadoop MapReduce, or read up on recent analytics breakthroughsOpens in a new window.Join in the HP Discover 2013 social conversation with #HPDiscoverOpens in a new window! Chris Peters @chris_p_intellast_img read more

Enabling Anywhere, Anytime Design Collaboration with Intel Graphics Virtualization Technology

first_imgGraphics virtualization and design collaboration took a step  forward this week with the announcement of support for Intel Graphics  Virtualization Technology-g (Intel® GVT-g) on the Citrix XenServer* platform.Intel GVT-g running on the current generation graphics-enabled  Intel Xeon processor E3 family, and future generations of Intel Xeon®  processors with integrated graphics capabilities, will enable up to seven Citrix  users to share a single GPU without significant performance penalties. This new  support for Intel GVT-g in the Citrix virtualization environment was unveiled  this week at the Citrix Synergy conference in Las Vegas.A little bit of background on the technology: With Intel  GVT-g, a virtual GPU instance is maintained for each virtual machine, with a  share of performance-critical resources directly assigned to each VM. Running a  native graphics driver inside a VM, without hypervisor intervention in  performance-critical paths, optimizes the end-user experience in terms of features,  performance and sharing capabilities.All of this means that multiple users who need to work with  and share design files can now collaborate more easily on the XenServer  integrated virtualization platform, while gaining the economies that come with  sharing a single system and benefiting from the security of working from a  trusted compute pool enabled by Intel  Trusted Execution Technology (Intel® TXT).Intel GVT-g is an ideal solution for users who need access  to GPU resources to work with graphically oriented applications but don’t  require a dedicated GPU system. These users might be anyone from sales reps and  product managers to engineers and component designers. With Intel GVT-g on the  Citrix virtualization platform, each user has access to separate OSs and apps  while sharing a single processor – a cost-effective solution that increases  platform flexibility.The back side of this story is one of close collaboration  among Intel, Citrix, and the Xen open source community to develop and refine a  software-based approach to virtualization in an Intel GPU and XenServer  environment. It took a lot of people working together to get us to this point.And now we’ve arrived at our destination. With the  combination of Intel GVT-g, Intel  Xeon processor-based servers with Intel Iris Pro Graphics, and Citrix  XenServer, anywhere, anytime design collaboration just a got a lot easier.For a closer look at Intel GVT-g, including a technical  demo, visit our Intel Graphics Virtualization  Technology site or visit our booth #870 at Citrix  Synergy 2016.last_img read more

Can Sehwag save India from series whitewash in Australia?

first_imgWith Mahendra Singh Dhoni banned for a Test, Indian opener Virender Sehwag is set to lead the visiting side in the fourth and final Test at Adelaide.The Delhi dasher, who has been struggling to tackle the pace and bounce of Australian pitches in the series so far, would be eager to avoid a second straight overseas series whitewash.In fact, it was at the Adelaide Oval that Sehwag got his last Test century away from the sub-continent. Team India and its fans now hope that Sehwag regains his form at the venue and salvage some pride for India after a humiliating series loss down under.With Dhoni struggling to make a mark in the first three Tests, Sehwag would have to come up with his best strategy to conquer the ruthless Australians. However, after a humiliating whitewash in England and a series loss in Australia, his biggest task would be to regroup the team and fight for pride.What makes things interesting is that Sehwag is yet to lose a Test as captain. In the three matches that he has captained India, he has won two and one match ended in a draw. While his win record at home is 100 per cent, Sehwag has managed to maintain a decent record heading India overseas.Failure of batting line up has been the root cause of India’s failure in Australia and that is something Sehwag has to deal with. He himself has been going through a lean patch and after a fine 67 in the first innings of the Boxing Day Test he has been on a downward spiral that reached abysmal levels in Perth.advertisementIn the six innings so far in Australia Sehwag has just managed to score 118 runs at a poor average of 19.66. What makes matters a bit worrying is Sehwag’s own performance when he is leading the side. He has managed to score 173 runs at an average of 28.33 in the three Tests he has headed the side.If India have to avoid a whitewash, Sehwag holds the key. With the captain’s cap on his head, it is time for him to provide some winning shots.last_img read more